Spring is the season of the Wood element and is characterized by reawakening and outward expansion. It is associated with the Liver and Gallbladder energetic systems, which when balanced are known for Qi that flows smoothly, initiative and good decision-making. Physical associations manifest in the eyes, tendons, ligaments and sinews which are nourished and maintained by the Liver. Just as the expansiveness of Spring can be seen in nature, emotional and physical energies associated with the Liver can be directed outward. Just like a sprout beginning to rise, energy is still fragile and can easily be damaged. Outbursts or projections of excess energy can best be put to good use with activities or projects that can utilize it.
Climactically Spring is associated with wind. The wind which can carry other pathogens also tends to aggravate the wood element. In the body it can cause allergies, itchy skin and pain patterns that tend to move from place to place. Symptoms may present as fever, slight aversion to wind or cold, cough, or mild thirst with burning pain in local areas. Sensitive people should enjoy windy outdoor time in minimal doses.
Injuries may present as:
- Wind: marked by a decrease in range of motion and pain that changes location.
- Heat: local inflammation and/or redness in the joints or extremities, and may be aggravated by heat.
- Damp: fixed and intense pain with a feeling of heaviness, numb skin and muscles that wet conditions may aggravate.
Movement in the Spring
To prevent injuries and improve performance in the Spring, consider the following:
Warm up properly utilizing dynamic stabilization exercises to ensure that postural muscles are activated prior to regular training.
As a stand-alone program or as an adjunct to another endeavor or sport, take advantage of strength training with slower to moderate speed movements. Strength guidelines state using 70%-85% of your estimated 1 repetition maximum, at a moderate to high volume (up to 25 sets when your main activity is weight training), with up to 60 seconds rest between sets. Incorporate this into your program for about four to six weeks to allow ligamentous tissues, which have a poor circulatory system, time to adapt. The nervous system and muscles characteristically adapt more quickly, which is part of the strength continuum but does not take all tissues into consideration. Transitioning into ballistic movements too soon, especially after a lay off due to injury or from sedentary life will predispose a person to further injury. Beginners should spend more of their workout doing stability exercises with a strength component.
As part of a post workout cool down, emphasize static flexibility to bring the body back into a more parasympathetic (normal) state. This will allow tendons to relax and circulation of metabolites in the muscles to move more smoothly.
Proper maintenance such as Tui Na, bodywork, acupuncture and meditative movements assist in recovery from exercise and injuries and boost the immune system.
Spring Time Nutrition
Food that assists in balancing the nature of the Liver and Wood element should nourish, soothe and keep the Liver clean, tonify the Spleen, nourish Yin, & strengthen Yang. Enjoy plenty of young plants, fresh greens, sprouts, and yellow to red veggies nutrient-dense and low in calories. These include tomatoes, loquat, beets, mint, onion, green beans, broccoli, chives and leeks. Flavor meals sparingly with vinaigrettes and pickled foods.
Keep high-calorie, refined, greasy or fried foods, sugars and alcohol that overtax the Liver and Gallbladder to a minimum.
Fasting will over tax the Liver and create more disharmonies in the body. A better way to cleanse the Liver is via sound nutrition, herbs that support Liver function and simply sweating from exercise.
Ju Hua (chrysanthemum) congee: 100g white rice, 50g chrysanthemum.
Soak chrysanthemum separately for 30 minutes. Then combine with rice over heat for 5 minutes. Soothes the Liver and brightens the eyes.
An Chun (‘animal ginseng,’ quail) dish: 100g quail, asparagus 100g, mushrooms 5g, cucumbers 15g, egg whites.
Slice quail and mix with egg whites then sauté. Add asparagus, cucumber & mushrooms later. Sea salt to taste. Nourishes and soothes Liver.
Spring Herbal Considerations
This year has brought much change in the world and continuous perceptions of disharmony which sound nutrition and lifestyle may not relieve quickly. Strong emotions may affect digestion, causing stomach butterflies or bloating, acid regurgitation diarrhea and/or stomach pain. A Chinese formula that has made its way into Western use is called Xiao Yao San or “Free and Easy Wanderer”. This formula profoundly soothes the Liver, thereby reducing the effects of stress on the body and helps prevent digestive symptoms. For those with enteric brains, this is quite a find. (For a thorough diagnosis, consult a Licensed Acupuncturist (L.Ac.)
Climate and physiological change affect the natural tendency of the Liver to spread and grow. By nourishing and maintaining the Wood element, the outward momentum of Spring will segue nicely into the warmer months of Summer.
Read about the coming Summer
In spring, all creatures take advantage of energy that was stored during the fall and winter months. New growth can be seen moving upward and outward, both emotionally and physically, via the reappearance of plants and animals, as well as our own emerging perspectives on life.
Spring is the season linked to the Wood element, and the Liver and Gall Bladder organ system. The energetic Liver should be soothed, nourished or regulated. Its function according to Oriental Medicine (OM) is to circulate Qi (energy) upward and outward in the body as well as control the other organs. The Wood element is characterized by growth and wind, which tend to be found more often in the spring. Wind can strengthen the Liver, but too much can cause it to overact on the Stomach and Spleen. This can lead to a disharmony that may manifest as stomach upset and/or digestive disturbances, acid regurgitation, and possibly diarrhea. For those that may have overworked themselves the previous season, their immune systems may be compromised.
Spring allergens from grass and trees are blown through the air into our bodies. Theses allergens can affect a person, particularly if they are overstressed by life or emotionally overloaded. This, in turn, will weaken their digestive function and wei qi/immune system. An unbalanced Liver energy may result in mood swings, depression or irritability, and occasional outbursts of emotion.
To assist the Liver Qi to flow, incorporate activities that both enliven and relax the body. Exercise should be calm and fluid. Try breathing exercises, stretching, Qi gong, Tai Qi, light weights, and/or yoga. Joint support is important, as the tendons and ligaments are a manifestation of the Liver energies and is well covered by the aforementioned modalities. Rest and recovery, as for every season, are imperative to good health. In this season, going to bed somewhat later in the evening and waking up earlier are applicable.
Springtime foods should be sweet in flavor to nourish the spleen, with some pungentness (spicy) and warmth to help soothe and regulate the Liver’s functions, such as black sesame, quail or Chinese yams. Include some fresh greens like kale and spinach as well as young plants or sprouts. Foods that help soothe the Liver if it is out of balance include chive, onion, peppermint, beans, sea vegetables, vinegars, lime, & animal liver. Although sour flavored foods are good to have at this time, more is not necessarily better. Foods that clog the Liver, such as processed, sugary foods, excessively fatty and hydrogenated fats, are devoid of life and should be kept to a minimum. Other foods to avoid include salty, cold in temperature, excessive raw foods, or difficult to digest foods, accompanied by a decrease in calories to reduce the load placed on the Liver.
Acupuncture and Tuina should be utilized frequently to boost the immune system, alleviate sinus pressure & headaches associated with allergies, assist in digestion, moderate mood swings, and assist in recovery from exercise.
“In the spring and summer when food is plentiful and humans tend to become lazy and slothful, finger pressure is used to increase digestion, fire and restore vigor.” Qi Bo – Yellow Emperor’s Classic
By incorporating regular self care practices via mindfulness, nutrition, exercise, acupuncture and bodywork, one can best retain and improve their own health during this season of growth.
Read about the coming Summer